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Medium Codes

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# National Water Information System
# 2017/10/17
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# Date Retrieved: USGS Water Data for the Nation Help System
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medium_cd	medium_nm	medium_ds	medium_lgcy_cd
3s	32s	424s	1s
WS	Surface water	Water on the surface of the Earth stored or transported in rivers, streams, estuaries, lakes, ponds, swamps, glaciers, or other aquatic areas. It also may refer to water in urban drains and storm-sewer systems.	9
WG	Groundwater	Water below the surface of the Earth contained in the saturated zone. It does not include soil moisture or interstitial water.	6
WW	Wet deposition	Water reaching the Earth's surface through precipitation as rain, snow, sleet, hail, or condensation of fog and dew. The water may contain undissolved particulate and gaseous materials acquired from the atmosphere during precipitation.	7
WI	Interstitial water	Water occuring in the small openings, spaces, pores, and voids between particles of unconsolidated materials. Includes water found in the interstices of shallow sediments of a lake, wetland, reservoir, or stream, and in the vadose zone between the root zone and the water table. The water is held in place by entrapment, ionic attraction, and capillary or adhesive forces, rather than from pressure components of saturation.	F
WA	Air moisture	Water present in air in a gaseous form. Air moisture plays a significant role in weather when it changes from one state to another. These changes include condensation (cloud, fog, dew, and frost) and precipitation (rainfall and snowfall).	
WM	Soil moisture	Water occupying voids between loose soil particles within the aerated root zone. The water is held in place by surface tension, capillary and hydroscopic forces in opposition to the pull of gravitational forces.	K
WL	Leachate	A solution obtained by passing a liquid (usually aqueous) through an unconsolidated solid medium, thereby dissolving materials (from the solid medium) which become a part of the solution. It also contains those precipitates that are the result of the solution process and subsequent chemical or biological reactions.	2
WF	Landfill effluent	A liquid material (usually water) that is drained or pumped from a landfill. It usually is a liquid that has percolated through solid landfill material to become a transport medium for materials dissolved from the landfill.	4
WU	Elutriation	A process by which a mixture of an unconsolidated solid medium (usually soil) and a liquid medium (usually water) has been agitated for a given period of time to dissolve materials from the solid. The solid/liquid mixture is finally separated and the resulting solution is analyzed for materials dissolved during the elutriation process.	5
WE	Effluent	Treated or untreated wastewater after use at a facility or wastewater treatment plant, or from combined sources, such as combined-sewer overflows or tile drainage systems.	%
WD	Produced water	Water that is a byproduct of oil and gas development. Produced water is associated with the oil and gas reservoir and may include formation waters and (or) injected fluids and solids introduced during resource development.	
WT	Treated water supply	Water after being processed for some particular use(s)	$
WB	Untreated water supply	Untreated water supply from a blend of surface and ground waters or from unknown sources.	
WH	Hyporheic zone	 Near-stream subsurface environment where mixing occurs between subsurface water and surface water. Water flows not only in the open stream channel, but also through the interstices of stream-channel and bank sediments, thus creating a mixing zone with subsurface water. There is not a precise separation between groundwater and surface water, thus the hyporheic zone is not precisely defined.	~
WC	Canopy water	  Water dripping off tree-leaf canopies or running down the trunks of trees.	\
WP	Plant Water	Water that is extracted from plant tissue and subsequently analyzed for its chemical properties. This includes both intra- and extracellular water in the plant tissue.	
SS	Suspended sediment	Sediment carried in suspension by the turbulent components of the fluid or by Brownian motion.	1
SB	Bottom material	A mixture of mineral and organic matter that compose the top bed deposits (usually the first few inches) underlying a body of water.	H
ST	Solids	" Unconsolidated materials that may be soils, cores, borehole cuttings, sediments, matter suspended in water or wastewater, street sweepings, other particulate matter, or the total array of materials that are collected as part of a ""clean sweep"""	B
SC	Core material	Consolidated or unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation.	E
SU	Borehole cuttings	Unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation	
SO	Soil	A wet or dry substance composed of unconsolidated fine grain rock fragments (minerals) and organic material that has been modified sufficiently by physical, chemical, or biological processes to support terrestrial plant growth.	G
SL	Sludge	An unconsolidated material, from an anthropogenic source, covering the ground or the bed of a water body, usually originating as a result of processes such as domestic or industrial waste treatment.	J
SF	Fecal material	An unconsolidated material made up of warm-blooded animal or human wastes covering the ground, streambed, or suspended in a water body. Includes wastes from animal husbandry operations transferred to storage lagoons, or a slurry runoff. Fecal solids have generally not been processed and are sampled in their natural state.	
SD	Dry deposition	Solid, aerosol or gaseous materials deposited from the atmosphere during dry weather periods.	3
BA	Animal tissue	Any type of tissue that comprises either whole or parts of insects, fish, or other organisms living in an aquatic environment, or animals that may or may not have been collected from a water body.	C
BP	Plant tissue	Any type of non-animal tissue that comprises either whole or parts of plants, aquatic or non-aquatic.	D
BH	Phytoplankton (quantitative)	Phytoplanktonic species composition and enumeration (quantitative).	L
BY	Phytoplankton (qualitative)	Phytoplanktonic species composition (qualitative).	M
BE	Periphyton (qualitative)	Periphyton species composition (qualitative).	N
BI	Benthic invertebrates (quan)	Benthic invertebrates species composition and enumeration (quantitative).	O
BD	Periphyton (quantitative)	Periphyton species composition and enumeration (quantitative).	P
AA	Air	Sample of atmospheric gases.	*
AS	Soil gas	Gases occurring in the small openings, spaces, and voids between articles of unconsolidated materials in that portion of the vadose water zone between the root zone and the water table.	&
OA	Artificial	Any substance that is not part of an aquatic environment and cannot be described by the Sample Medium Codes	A
ON	Not determined	Not determined	0
OB	Bulk deposition	A mixture of undesignated proportions of wet and dry deposition sampled by a continuously open container.	8
WSQ	QC sample - Surface water	QC sample - Water on the surface of the Earth stored or transported in rivers, streams, estuaries, lakes, ponds, swamps, glaciers, or other aquatic areas. It also may refer to water in urban drains and storm-sewer systems.	R
WGQ	QC sample - Groundwater	QC sample - Water below the surface of the Earth contained in the saturated zone. It does not include soil moisture or interstitial water.	S
WWQ	QC sample - Wet deposition	QC sample - Water reaching the Earth's surface through precipitation as rain, snow, sleet, hail, or condensation of fog and dew. The water may contain undissolved particulate and gaseous materials acquired from the atmosphere during precipitation.	T
WIQ	QC sample - Interstitial water	QC sample - Water occurring in the small openings, spaces, and voids between particles of unconsolidated materials in that portion of the vadose water zone between the root zone and the water table. The water is held in place by entrapment, ionic attraction, and capillary or adhesive forces, rather than from upward pressure components of saturation.	Z
WAQ	QC sample - Air moisture	QC sample - Water present in air in a gaseous form. Air moisture plays a significant role in weather when it changes from one state to another. These changes include condensation (cloud, fog, dew, and frost) and precipitation (rainfall and snowfall).	
WMQ	QC sample - Soil moisture	QC sample - Water occupying voids between loose soil particles within the aerated root zone. The water is held in place by surface tension, capillary and hydroscopic forces in opposition to the pull of gravitational forces.	
WLQ	QC sample - Leachate	QC sample -A solution obtained by passing a liquid (usually aqueous) through an unconsolidated solid medium, thereby dissolving materials (from the solid medium) which become a part of the solution. It also contains those precipitates that are the result of the solution process and subsequent chemical or biological reactions.	=
WFQ	QC sample - Landfill effluent	QC sample -A liquid material (usually water) that is drained or pumped from a landfill. It usually is a liquid that has percolated through solid landfill material to become a transport medium for materials dissolved from the landfill.	
WUQ	QC sample - Elutriation	QC sample - A process by which a mixture of an unconsolidated solid medium (usually soil) and a liquid medium (usually water) has been agitated for a given period of time to dissolve materials from the solid. The solid/liquid mixture is finally separated and the resulting solution is analyzed for materials dissolved during the elutriation process.	
WEQ	QC sample - Effluent	QC sample - Treated or untreated wastewater after use at a facility or wastewater treatment plant, or from combined sources, such as combined-sewer overflows or tile drainage systems.	}
WDQ	QC sample - Produced water	QC sample - Water that is a byproduct of oil and gas development. Produced water is associated with the oil and gas reservoir and may include formation waters and (or) injected fluids and solids introduced during resource development.	
WTQ	QC sample - Treated water supply	QC sample -Water after being processed for some particular use(s)	{
WBQ	QC samp - Untreated water supply	QC sample - Untreated water supply from a blend of surface and ground waters or from unknown sources.	
WHQ	QC sample - Hyporheic zone	QC sample -  Near-stream subsurface environment where mixing occurs between subsurface water and surface water. Water flows not only in the open stream channel, but also through the interstices of stream-channel and bank sediments, thus creating a mixing zone with subsurface water. There is not a precise separation between groundwater and surface water, thus the hyporheic zone is not precisely defined.	>
WCQ	QC sample - Canopy water	QC sample -  Water dripping off tree-leaf canopies or running down the trunks of trees.	
WPQ	QC sample - Plant Water	QC sample - Water that is extracted from plant tissue and subsequently analyzed for its chemical properties. This includes both intra- and extracellular water in the plant tissue.	
SSQ	QC sample - Suspended sediment	QC sample - Sediment carried in suspension by the turbulent components of the fluid or by Brownian motion.	V
SBQ	QC sample - Bottom material	QC sample - A mixture of mineral and organic matter that compose the top bed deposits (usually the first few inches) underlying a body of water.	W
STQ	QC sample - Solids	"QC sample -  Unconsolidated materials that may be soils, cores, borehole cuttings, sediments, matter suspended in water or wastewater, street sweepings, other particulate matter, or the total array of materials that are collected as part of a ""clean sweep"""	
SCQ	QC sample - Core material	QC sample - Consolidated or unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation.	@
SUQ	QC sample - Borehole cuttings	QC sample - Unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation	
SOQ	QC sample - Soil	QC sample - A wet or dry substance composed of unconsolidated fine grain rock fragments (minerals) and organic material that has been modified sufficiently by physical, chemical, or biological processes to support terrestrial plant growth.	<
SLQ	QC sample - Sludge	QC sample - An unconsolidated material, from an anthropogenic source, covering the ground or the bed of a water body, usually originating as a result of processes such as domestic or industrial waste treatment.	(
SFQ	QC sample - Fecal material	QC sample - An unconsolidated material made up of warm-blooded animal or human wastes covering the ground, streambed, or suspended in a water body. Includes wastes from animal husbandry operations transferred to storage lagoons, or a slurry runoff. Fecal solids have generally not been processed and are sampled in their natural state.	
SDQ	QC sample - Dry deposition	QC sample - Solid, aerosol or gaseous materials deposited from the atmosphere during dry weather periods.	
BAQ	QC sample - Animal tissue	QC sample -  Any type of tissue that comprises either whole or parts of insects, fish, or other organisms living in an aquatic environment, or animals that may or may not have been collected from a water body.	X
BPQ	QC sample - Plant tissue	QC sample - Any type of non-animal tissue that comprises either whole or parts of plants, aquatic or non-aquatic.	Y
BHQ	QC sample - Phytoplankton (quan)	QC sample - Phytoplanktonic species composition and enumeration (quantitative).	
BYQ	QC sample - Phytoplankton (qual)	QC sample -Phytoplanktonic species composition (qualitative).	
BEQ	QC sample - Periphyton (qual)	QC sample - Periphyton species composition (qualitative).	
BIQ	QC samp - Benthic invert (quan)	QC sample -Benthic invertebrates species composition and enumeration (quantitative).	
BDQ	QC sample - Periphyton (quan)	QC sample - Periphyton species composition and enumeration (quantitative).	
AAQ	QC sample - Air	QC sample - Sample of atmospheric gases.	[
ASQ	QC sample - Soil gas	QC sample - Gases occurring in the small openings, spaces, and voids between articles of unconsolidated materials in that portion of the vadose water zone between the root zone and the water table.	]
OAQ	QC sample - Artificial	QC sample - Any substance that is not part of an aquatic environment and cannot be described by the Sample Medium Codes.	Q
ONQ	QC sample - Not determined	QC sample - Not determined	
OBQ	QC sample - Bulk deposition	QC sample - A mixture of undesignated proportions of wet and dry deposition sampled by a continuously open container.	U