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Medium Codes

Medium Cd Medium Nm Medium Ds Medium Lgcy Cd
WS Surface water Water on the surface of the Earth stored or transported in rivers, streams, estuaries, lakes, ponds, swamps, glaciers, or other aquatic areas. It also may refer to water in urban drains and storm-sewer systems. 9
WG Groundwater Water below the surface of the Earth contained in the saturated zone. It does not include soil moisture or interstitial water. 6
WW Wet deposition Water reaching the Earth's surface through precipitation as rain, snow, sleet, hail, or condensation of fog and dew. The water may contain undissolved particulate and gaseous materials acquired from the atmosphere during precipitation. 7
WI Interstitial water Water occuring in the small openings, spaces, pores, and voids between particles of unconsolidated materials. Includes water found in the interstices of shallow sediments of a lake, wetland, reservoir, or stream, and in the vadose zone between the root zone and the water table. The water is held in place by entrapment, ionic attraction, and capillary or adhesive forces, rather than from pressure components of saturation. F
WA Air moisture Water present in air in a gaseous form. Air moisture plays a significant role in weather when it changes from one state to another. These changes include condensation (cloud, fog, dew, and frost) and precipitation (rainfall and snowfall).
WM Soil moisture Water occupying voids between loose soil particles within the aerated root zone. The water is held in place by surface tension, capillary and hydroscopic forces in opposition to the pull of gravitational forces. K
WL Leachate A solution obtained by passing a liquid (usually aqueous) through an unconsolidated solid medium, thereby dissolving materials (from the solid medium) which become a part of the solution. It also contains those precipitates that are the result of the solution process and subsequent chemical or biological reactions. 2
WF Landfill effluent A liquid material (usually water) that is drained or pumped from a landfill. It usually is a liquid that has percolated through solid landfill material to become a transport medium for materials dissolved from the landfill. 4
WU Elutriation A process by which a mixture of an unconsolidated solid medium (usually soil) and a liquid medium (usually water) has been agitated for a given period of time to dissolve materials from the solid. The solid/liquid mixture is finally separated and the resulting solution is analyzed for materials dissolved during the elutriation process. 5
WE Effluent Treated or untreated wastewater after use at a facility or wastewater treatment plant, or from combined sources, such as combined-sewer overflows or tile drainage systems. %
WD Produced water Water that is a byproduct of oil and gas development. Produced water is associated with the oil and gas reservoir and may include formation waters and (or) injected fluids and solids introduced during resource development.
WT Treated water supply Water after being processed for some particular use(s) $
WB Untreated water supply Untreated water supply from a blend of surface and ground waters or from unknown sources.
WH Hyporheic zone Near-stream subsurface environment where mixing occurs between subsurface water and surface water. Water flows not only in the open stream channel, but also through the interstices of stream-channel and bank sediments, thus creating a mixing zone with subsurface water. There is not a precise separation between groundwater and surface water, thus the hyporheic zone is not precisely defined. ~
WC Canopy water Water dripping off tree-leaf canopies or running down the trunks of trees. \
WP Plant Water Water that is extracted from plant tissue and subsequently analyzed for its chemical properties. This includes both intra- and extracellular water in the plant tissue.
SS Suspended sediment Sediment carried in suspension by the turbulent components of the fluid or by Brownian motion. 1
SB Bottom material A mixture of mineral and organic matter that compose the top bed deposits (usually the first few inches) underlying a body of water. H
ST Solids Unconsolidated materials that may be soils, cores, borehole cuttings, sediments, matter suspended in water or wastewater, street sweepings, other particulate matter, or the total array of materials that are collected as part of a "clean sweep" B
SC Core material Consolidated or unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation. E
SU Borehole cuttings Unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation
SO Soil A wet or dry substance composed of unconsolidated fine grain rock fragments (minerals) and organic material that has been modified sufficiently by physical, chemical, or biological processes to support terrestrial plant growth. G
SL Sludge An unconsolidated material, from an anthropogenic source, covering the ground or the bed of a water body, usually originating as a result of processes such as domestic or industrial waste treatment. J
SF Fecal material An unconsolidated material made up of warm-blooded animal or human wastes covering the ground, streambed, or suspended in a water body. Includes wastes from animal husbandry operations transferred to storage lagoons, or a slurry runoff. Fecal solids have generally not been processed and are sampled in their natural state.
SD Dry deposition Solid, aerosol or gaseous materials deposited from the atmosphere during dry weather periods. 3
BA Animal tissue Any type of tissue that comprises either whole or parts of insects, fish, or other organisms living in an aquatic environment, or animals that may or may not have been collected from a water body. C
BP Plant tissue Any type of non-animal tissue that comprises either whole or parts of plants, aquatic or non-aquatic. D
BH Phytoplankton (quantitative) Phytoplanktonic species composition and enumeration (quantitative). L
BY Phytoplankton (qualitative) Phytoplanktonic species composition (qualitative). M
BE Periphyton (qualitative) Periphyton species composition (qualitative). N
BI Benthic invertebrates (quan) Benthic invertebrates species composition and enumeration (quantitative). O
BD Periphyton (quantitative) Periphyton species composition and enumeration (quantitative). P
AA Air Sample of atmospheric gases. *
AS Soil gas Gases occurring in the small openings, spaces, and voids between articles of unconsolidated materials in that portion of the vadose water zone between the root zone and the water table. &
OA Artificial Any substance that is not part of an aquatic environment and cannot be described by the Sample Medium Codes A
ON Not determined Not determined 0
OB Bulk deposition A mixture of undesignated proportions of wet and dry deposition sampled by a continuously open container. 8
WSQ QC sample - Surface water QC sample - Water on the surface of the Earth stored or transported in rivers, streams, estuaries, lakes, ponds, swamps, glaciers, or other aquatic areas. It also may refer to water in urban drains and storm-sewer systems. R
WGQ QC sample - Groundwater QC sample - Water below the surface of the Earth contained in the saturated zone. It does not include soil moisture or interstitial water. S
WWQ QC sample - Wet deposition QC sample - Water reaching the Earth's surface through precipitation as rain, snow, sleet, hail, or condensation of fog and dew. The water may contain undissolved particulate and gaseous materials acquired from the atmosphere during precipitation. T
WIQ QC sample - Interstitial water QC sample - Water occurring in the small openings, spaces, and voids between particles of unconsolidated materials in that portion of the vadose water zone between the root zone and the water table. The water is held in place by entrapment, ionic attraction, and capillary or adhesive forces, rather than from upward pressure components of saturation. Z
WAQ QC sample - Air moisture QC sample - Water present in air in a gaseous form. Air moisture plays a significant role in weather when it changes from one state to another. These changes include condensation (cloud, fog, dew, and frost) and precipitation (rainfall and snowfall).
WMQ QC sample - Soil moisture QC sample - Water occupying voids between loose soil particles within the aerated root zone. The water is held in place by surface tension, capillary and hydroscopic forces in opposition to the pull of gravitational forces.
WLQ QC sample - Leachate QC sample -A solution obtained by passing a liquid (usually aqueous) through an unconsolidated solid medium, thereby dissolving materials (from the solid medium) which become a part of the solution. It also contains those precipitates that are the result of the solution process and subsequent chemical or biological reactions. =
WFQ QC sample - Landfill effluent QC sample -A liquid material (usually water) that is drained or pumped from a landfill. It usually is a liquid that has percolated through solid landfill material to become a transport medium for materials dissolved from the landfill.
WUQ QC sample - Elutriation QC sample - A process by which a mixture of an unconsolidated solid medium (usually soil) and a liquid medium (usually water) has been agitated for a given period of time to dissolve materials from the solid. The solid/liquid mixture is finally separated and the resulting solution is analyzed for materials dissolved during the elutriation process.
WEQ QC sample - Effluent QC sample - Treated or untreated wastewater after use at a facility or wastewater treatment plant, or from combined sources, such as combined-sewer overflows or tile drainage systems. }
WDQ QC sample - Produced water QC sample - Water that is a byproduct of oil and gas development. Produced water is associated with the oil and gas reservoir and may include formation waters and (or) injected fluids and solids introduced during resource development.
WTQ QC sample - Treated water supply QC sample -Water after being processed for some particular use(s) {
WBQ QC samp - Untreated water supply QC sample - Untreated water supply from a blend of surface and ground waters or from unknown sources.
WHQ QC sample - Hyporheic zone QC sample - Near-stream subsurface environment where mixing occurs between subsurface water and surface water. Water flows not only in the open stream channel, but also through the interstices of stream-channel and bank sediments, thus creating a mixing zone with subsurface water. There is not a precise separation between groundwater and surface water, thus the hyporheic zone is not precisely defined. >
WCQ QC sample - Canopy water QC sample - Water dripping off tree-leaf canopies or running down the trunks of trees.
WPQ QC sample - Plant Water QC sample - Water that is extracted from plant tissue and subsequently analyzed for its chemical properties. This includes both intra- and extracellular water in the plant tissue.
SSQ QC sample - Suspended sediment QC sample - Sediment carried in suspension by the turbulent components of the fluid or by Brownian motion. V
SBQ QC sample - Bottom material QC sample - A mixture of mineral and organic matter that compose the top bed deposits (usually the first few inches) underlying a body of water. W
STQ QC sample - Solids QC sample - Unconsolidated materials that may be soils, cores, borehole cuttings, sediments, matter suspended in water or wastewater, street sweepings, other particulate matter, or the total array of materials that are collected as part of a "clean sweep"
SCQ QC sample - Core material QC sample - Consolidated or unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation. @
SUQ QC sample - Borehole cuttings QC sample - Unconsolidated material removed from a pipe or casing during a drilling (coring) operation
SOQ QC sample - Soil QC sample - A wet or dry substance composed of unconsolidated fine grain rock fragments (minerals) and organic material that has been modified sufficiently by physical, chemical, or biological processes to support terrestrial plant growth. <
SLQ QC sample - Sludge QC sample - An unconsolidated material, from an anthropogenic source, covering the ground or the bed of a water body, usually originating as a result of processes such as domestic or industrial waste treatment. (
SFQ QC sample - Fecal material QC sample - An unconsolidated material made up of warm-blooded animal or human wastes covering the ground, streambed, or suspended in a water body. Includes wastes from animal husbandry operations transferred to storage lagoons, or a slurry runoff. Fecal solids have generally not been processed and are sampled in their natural state.
SDQ QC sample - Dry deposition QC sample - Solid, aerosol or gaseous materials deposited from the atmosphere during dry weather periods.
BAQ QC sample - Animal tissue QC sample - Any type of tissue that comprises either whole or parts of insects, fish, or other organisms living in an aquatic environment, or animals that may or may not have been collected from a water body. X
BPQ QC sample - Plant tissue QC sample - Any type of non-animal tissue that comprises either whole or parts of plants, aquatic or non-aquatic. Y
BHQ QC sample - Phytoplankton (quan) QC sample - Phytoplanktonic species composition and enumeration (quantitative).
BYQ QC sample - Phytoplankton (qual) QC sample -Phytoplanktonic species composition (qualitative).
BEQ QC sample - Periphyton (qual) QC sample - Periphyton species composition (qualitative).
BIQ QC samp - Benthic invert (quan) QC sample -Benthic invertebrates species composition and enumeration (quantitative).
BDQ QC sample - Periphyton (quan) QC sample - Periphyton species composition and enumeration (quantitative).
AAQ QC sample - Air QC sample - Sample of atmospheric gases. [
ASQ QC sample - Soil gas QC sample - Gases occurring in the small openings, spaces, and voids between articles of unconsolidated materials in that portion of the vadose water zone between the root zone and the water table. ]
OAQ QC sample - Artificial QC sample - Any substance that is not part of an aquatic environment and cannot be described by the Sample Medium Codes. Q
ONQ QC sample - Not determined QC sample - Not determined
OBQ QC sample - Bulk deposition QC sample - A mixture of undesignated proportions of wet and dry deposition sampled by a continuously open container. U